Term Index block adds an index of terms. In the block options you can choose which taxonomies are shown on the index. You can also choose the styling — either list of links or cards.
You can upload images to terms via the WordPress dashboard. Images are then used in term cards like here.
If a specific image for the term is not set, image from one of the recipes in the term is used. If any of the recipes in the term has no image, the default thumbnail image is used. The default thumbnail image can be changed and uploaded via plugin options.